Low carbon fuel standard proposals are programs that aim to reduce the amount of CO2 emissions in the transportation sector through mandates rather than industry innovation. They require American fuel manufacturers to use special, LCFS-approved fuels or purchase LCFS credits to show compliance. According to the University of California - Davis, commercial quantities of LCFS fuel blends are non-existent or significantly more costly than conventional fuels. AFPM opposes any national, regional or state LCFS which could increase costs for American consumers and businesses and weaken America’s economic and national security with no environmental benefit.